Acute inflammatory process in the middle ear or acute otitis media is an infectious disease in which inflammation develops in the tissues from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear. This ailment can occur among people of any gender and age, but most often it occurs in children. Infectious agents are such microorganisms as the process of streptococci, staphylococci and microscopic fungi, in some cases the disease is viral.
The mechanism of infection
Speaking of bacterial otitis, microorganisms often enter the middle ear through the Eustachian tube due to infection in the nasal sinuses, nose or nasopharynx. An agonizing factor can be children’s adenoiditis. In addition, there are often cases of development of an acute inflammatory process of the middle ear in such infectious diseases as influenza, measles or scarlet fever. In more rare cases, otitis can develop due to the following situations:
- infection directly into the ear;
- against a background of various injuries, for example, with a rupture of the membrane;
- infection through the circulatory system;
Treatment of acute otitis media of the middle ear
To remove symptoms such as fever and pain, it is recommended that you use medicines with paracetamol. They can be taken and children, in addition they can be bought without a prescription.
Local doctors can prescribe a doctor. Any drops should be dripped into the ear warm. For this, before use, the bottle with the medicine should be dipped in warm water for a few seconds. In acute inflammation of the middle ear, antibiotics in the form of tablets are often prescribed, and in case of a complicated course of the disease, injections can be administered intramuscularly or intravenously.
Antibiotic therapy with Cipro
Cipro is a drug that belongs to the second generation of fluoroquinols with a broad antimicrobial spectrum. Unlike classical antibiotics, the active substance of the drug – ciprofloxacin – has no analogues among natural compounds. The course and dosage of the drug is prescribed by the doctor based on the patient’s condition. Do not exceed the dose of the drug, because ciprofloxacin is difficult to remove from the body.
Cipro can be bought at a pharmacy without a doctor’s prescription.
Otitis media is a group of inflammatory diseases of the middle ear. The two main types are acute otitis media (AOM) and otitis media with effusion (OME). AOM is an infection of abrupt onset that usually presents with ear pain. In young children this may result in pulling at the ear, increased crying, and poor sleep. Decreased eating and a fever may also be present. OME is typically not associated with symptoms. Occasionally a feeling of fullness is described. It is defined as the presence of non-infectious fluid in the middle ear for more than three months. Chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) is middle ear inflammation of greater than two weeks that results in episodes of discharge from the ear. It may be a complication of acute otitis media. Pain is rarely present. All three may be associated with hearing loss. The hearing loss in OME, due to its chronic nature, may affect a child’s ability to learn.