Bites of ticks can be the cause of the development of some infectious diseases. The most common is Lyme disease (or borreliosis), which is characterized by the appearance of a rash in the form of rings near the site of the bite. Infection occurs by those mites that have previously been in contact with infected deer. The danger is that the tick bite can be missed and if the tick is long in contact with a person, the causative agent of borreliosis can enter the systemic circulation and spread throughout the body.
Characteristic signs of Lyme disease
The carrier of the disease leaves a red swelling at the site of the bite, which is covered with a crust, then after 2-28 days the following symptoms develop:
- the appearance of characteristic rings with a rash around the site of the bite, and often the center remains unchanged;
- fever manifestations: general weakness, chills, hyperthermia;
- pain in the joints of the body;
Prophylaxis and prognosis
In places where outbreaks of borreliosis are detected, one should wear long-sleeved clothing and cover the skin of the legs in order to reduce the risk of infection. It is also recommended to regularly inspect the body for the presence of ticks after walking so that they can be removed immediately in case of a bite.
If you do not start timely treatment, the manifestations of borreliosis remain with the patient for several weeks. If a suspected Lyme disease is suspected, the specialist may schedule appropriate tests to confirm the presence of the infection. In most cases, if the patient is on time to seek help and undergo antibiotic treatment, then the prognosis is favorable.
Methods of therapy for Lyme disease
Therapy of the disease is complex and necessarily includes antibiotics that give the best results in the early stages of Lyme disease. Among drugs often prescribed drugs based on azithromycin, for example, Zithromax. It acts on the source of infection due to the inhibition of protein biosynthesis in the cells of the pathogen, as a result of which the growth and multiplication of bacteria is significantly reduced. You can buy Zithromax without a prescription. Before you order a drug, you should visit your doctor.